What is net zero?

Cover the basics of net zero by listening to our in-house expert.

Sophia Reeve
Written by:

Sophia Reeve

June 17, 2024
Graduate Sustainability Consultant

at Ecus

Climate change has been driven by an excess of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere, such as carbon dioxide and methane, which trap heat from the sun.

The concept of net zero means achieving a global state of equilibrium, where the amount of greenhouse gas emissions released into the atmosphere is equal to the amount removed.

Reaching net zero requires emissions to be reduced as well as removed from the atmosphere.

So, the total amount of emissions released needs to be kept within a carbon budget, which will determine the total warming we experience.

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, to limit global warming to the 1.5 degrees from the Paris Agreement, global emissions must achieve net zero by 2050.

Over 140 countries and over half of the world’s largest companies are now committed to net zero.  Which all begins with measuring, managing, and reporting on their current emissions.